Prevalence of risk factors of coronary heart disease amongst MBBS students of Gauhati Medical College

AUTHORS : Saikia AK1 , Rajendran Vinoth2
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In India, CHD has been increasing over the couple of years. Early identification and intervention can prevent the occurrence of CHD in later life. MBBS students representing the late adolescence may be more prone to risk factors of CHD due to their stressful lifestyle. Objectives: To study the prevalence of risk factors associated with CHD along with its Socio-demographic correlates. Methods: A cross-sectional, institution-based study was conducted among MBBS students of GMC, Guwahati, Assam from 1st Feb 2018 to 30th March 2018. A total of 400 students were taken for this purpose. The data were collected using predesigned and pretested schedule. Both interview and observation techniques were used for collecting information. DASS 21 questionnaire was used for assessing stress, depression and anxiety. The data were analyzed and association was tested using Chi-square test. Result: Anxiety and depression were seen in 71.75% and 62% respectively.The physical activity was inadequate. Physical activity was significantly associated with gender, residence and socio- economic status. Use of alcohol was associated with gender, and residence. Smoking was associated with age, gender, residence and socio-economic scale. Conclusion: This study on MBBS students clearly revealed the high prevalence of risk factors of CHD.

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