Introducing flipped classroom to undergraduate studentsin microbiology

AUTHORS : Das Angshurekha, Barua Purnima, Chakravarty Atanu, Borkotoki Uttara
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Introduction: Didactic lectures are teacher centered andpassive method of imparting knowledge with minimumability to stimulate students to understand and applyconcepts. Flipped Classroom (FCR) is also known as‘reversed’ or ‘inverted’ classroom. It is a type of blendedlearning that integrates distance learning outside the classand face to face learning in class. FCR is a learner centeredmodel in which class time explores topics in greater depthand creates meaningful learning opportunities. Materialsand methods: FCR model was introduced, as a teachinglearning method to undergraduate students in teachingMicrobiology and feedback was taken from Students andFaculty through validated questionnaires. Results: A totalof 84 second year UG students participated in this study.Overall positive responses were received from the studentsand faculty for Flipped Classroom teaching. On analysis ofstudent’s feedback, students (83.3% n=70) wanted thisFlipped classroom technique to taken for future classes.Moreover, 84.5% (n=71) students agreed that FlippedClassroom was useful for studying Microbiology which isotherwise is a difficult subject to retain. Overall 85.7%faculty in our department was keen to introduce FCR forfuture classes in Microbiology. Conclusion: FCR has beenuseful in studying Microbiology with prime objectives ofmotivating undergraduate students and cultivating skills ofself learning. The class time can be utilized to develop theirapplied knowledge and instill critical thinking among thestudents. In the newly introduced CBME curriculum, thestudent centric approach can be well justified by FlippedClassroom as a beneficial teaching learning method.

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