Postmortem study of histopathological lesions of heart insudden natural deaths brought to JNIMS, Imphal

AUTHORS : Moirangthem BK, Angam G, Devi Reena, Gangmei Agatha, Laishram Suraj, Kamei Hellena
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Introduction: To study the histopathological lesions of heartin autopsy specimens, that plays a major role as cause ofdeath in sudden natural deaths. Materials and methods: Aretrospective study was carried out over a period of 5 yearsi.e from January 2014 to December 2018 in the Departmentof Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, JNIMS, Imphal. Total1010 medicolegal autopsies were conducted during thisperiod, out of which sudden natural death was seen in 51cases. Among the 51 cases, 25 were of deaths due to cardiaccause. Results: This study included 25 cases of suddencardiac deaths. Maximum number of cases was in the agegroup of 40-50 years. All the cases were males. Grossly, theaverage weight of heart was between 300-400 grams. Outof 25 cases, the most common cause of death is found tobe Coronary insufficiency which constitute 64%, followedby Myocardial infarction (24%), myocarditis (8%) andcardiomyopathy (4%). Conclusion: Coronary atherosclerosisas the commonest pathological lesion was found and is theleading cause of death.

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