Microbiological profile of ear discharge of chronic suppurativeotitis media (safe variety) patients

AUTHORS : Mili MK, Hoque SR, Phookan Jyotirmoy
DOI No. : 10.31741/ijhrmlp.v6.i2.2020.6

ABSTRACT :
Introduction: Chronic suppurative otitis media is a notorious infection and a major health problem in developing countries causing serious local damage and threatening complications. Early and effective treatment based on the knowledge of causative micro-organisms and their antimicrobial sensitivity ensures prompt clinical recovery and possible complications thus be avoided. Aim: This study was undertaken to identify the microbiological isolates of ear discharge in CSOMcases and their sensitivity to antibiotics. Materials and methods: A prospective study, a total of 50 patients having discharge who attended ENT OPD from Feb 2019 to July 2019 for 6 months were studied. Aural swabs were sent to the microbiology lab for gram staining and culture sensitivity. Results: Out of 50 samples, 32 were culture positive were Pseudomonas aeruginosa (37.5%) was the most common pathogen followed by Staphylococcus aureus (28.12%). Most of the cultured organisms were sensitive to drug Ciprofloxacin. Conclusion: The outcome of our study enabled us to set an empirical medical treatment for an early resolution of ear discharge and inflammation in our patients with CSOM as we could understand the aetiological pathogens and their susceptibility pattern. Effective medical treatment in obtaining a discharge free ear before surgical treatment led us to improve the surgical outcome in our patients with CSOM.
Keywords: Tubo-tympanic; Pseudomonas aeruginosa; culture and sensitivity. 


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