Macro-micro linkages and its effect on global public health inregards to COVID-19 pandemic

AUTHORS : Bhuyan Hemeswari, Dutta Rhitwique
DOI No. : 10.31741/ijhrmlp.v6.i2.2020.17

ABSTRACT :
COVID-19 pandemic has changed our lives in a significant way, this is one of the biggest health crises that the world has ever seen, life has come to a standstill all over the world. Hundreds of thousands of people have lost their lives—this is not only a health crisis but it is an economic, social and political crisis as well. Merely looking it through the lenses of health will not serve the purpose, the interdisciplinary framework must be adopted to understand this crisis more substantively. The objective of this review paper is to understand how the neoliberal growth model has increased the possibility of transmission of zoonotic diseases in humans and to why lessons learnt from the SARS pandemic didn’t lead towards necessary changes in institutional and community level. To answer these questions, there is a need to review the situations created by SARS in 2003. Compared to 2003, things have changed drastically, there has been huge growth seen in the global economy and the world is far more interconnected. This interconnectedness has facilitated the spread of coronavirus, but the SARS pandemic should have served as a warning. Then the WHO has highly praised for its swift reaction in preventing the spread of the virus, whereas now it has come under global scrutiny. This pandemic should be looked through macro-micro linkages to understand its high level of spread in the society. Failures at the global, institutional and the community level have culminated in creating one of the biggest crises that humanity has ever seen.
Keywords: Interdisciplinary; substantive; transmission; zoonotic


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